Far North

Far North
   The Russian Far North (Dal’ nii Sever) or Extreme North (Krainii Sever) is the area of Russia that lies in the northern periphery of the Eurasian landmass. Located mostly above the Arctic Circle, the Far North includes the federal subjects of Murmansk, Nenetsiya, Yamaliya, Taymyriya, northern Sakha, and Chukotka, as well as the Arctic Ocean islands of Novaya Zemlya, Franz Josef Land, Severnaya Zemlya, the New Siberian Islands, and Wrangel Island. Informally, the northerly portions of Archangel, Komi, Evenkiya, Magadan, Koryakiya, and Kamchatka are sometimes included as well.
   The region is defined by tundra and harsh climate, and, as a result, lacks major population centers. During the Soviet era, many of the country’s gulags were located in the region; this preserved secrecy but also allowed forced labor in the harsh conditions. The Soviets paid very high wages (the “northern bonus”) to those willing to locate voluntarily to the region for employment, resulting in a demographic revolution in the region. Since the institution of perestroika, native peoples have become increasingly active in their attempts to protect the region’s environment and traditional cultural and economic practices.
   Today, laborers continue to be entitled to higher levels of compensation due to the harsh, even dangerous working conditions. However, the cold temperatures and high prices associated with consumer goods make life very difficult for the local population. Life expectancy, particularly among the indigenous peoples of the north, is dramatically lower than in the rest of the Russian Federation. As a result, emigration is reducing the region’s population in the post-Soviet period. Oil and natural gas extraction and mining are the primary industrial occupations, while indigenous peoples tend to engage in traditional forms of labor including reindeer herding, fur farming, fishing, and seal and whale hunting. The region’s fragile ecosystem has been negatively impacted by industrial pollution, particularly from aluminum smelting. As part of the Arctic Ocean basin, the region has received renewed geopolitical interest in the past decade as Vladimir Putin has sought to strengthen Russia’s position as an Arctic power.
   See also Norilsk Nickel.

Historical Dictionary of the Russian Federation. . 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать реферат

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Far North — is a colloquial term used to describe the northern regions of several countries and states. In some cases, however, it has a more specific or official meaning:*Northern Canada, especially the arctic region *Far North (Russia), a part of Russia… …   Wikipedia

  • Far North — noun The Arctic regions • • • Main Entry: ↑far …   Useful english dictionary

  • Far North — Far′ North′ n. can. (in Canada) the Arctic and sub Arctic regions north of the provinces …   From formal English to slang

  • Far North — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Far North peut faire référence à : Far North Queensland, une région du Queensland en Australie, Far North, un film de 1988 de Sam Shepard avec… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Far North Line — Overview System National Rail Status Operational …   Wikipedia

  • Far North Queensland — Far North Queensland, or FNQ, is the northernmost part of the Australian state of Queensland. The region, which contains a large section of the Tropical North Queensland area, stretches from the city of Cairns north to the Torres Strait. Various… …   Wikipedia

  • Far-North-Distrikt — Far North District Council Karte Basisdaten Region: Northland …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Far North District — Council Karte Basisdaten Region: Northland …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Far North Distrikt — Far North District Council Karte Basisdaten Region …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Far North District — Far NorthFar North DistrictPopulation55,845Land area7,323.86 km² (2,827.76 sq mi)ExtentCape Reinga to Waimamaku; east to Cape Brett The Far North District of New Zealand, as its name suggests, is the northernmost district within New Zealand,… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”